Types Of Sentece

Sentence पांच प्रकार के होते है।
(A) Assertive / Statement /Declarative Sentece
(B)Introgative Sentece
(C) Impertative Sentence
(D) Optative Sentence
(E) Exclamatory Sentence
(A) Assertive / Statement /Declarative Sentece -: When we need to give some facts or to describes events ot things whether nagative or positive we use assertive sentences. An assertive sentences makes only a statement, an assertion and ends with a full stop.
जब हम किसी तथ्ये को दावे के साथ या पूर्ण विश्वाश के साथ स्वीकार करने की आवशयकता होती है चाहे वह सकारात्मक हो या नकारातमक तो हम sentence का उपयोग करते है।
Structure of sentece -: There are some structure avaiable of sentence
Subject + verb +Object /Complement
Subject + verb 1/ verb 5 +Object /Complement
Subject + is/are/am+ verb 4+Object /Complement
Subject + has/have +verb3 +Object /Complement
Subject + has been/have been +verb 4 +Object /Complement
There are some example of affirmative sentence
Ram has done his MBBS from Delhi.
Guddu went to delhi yesterday.
She may win the prize
i am sure you too will begin speak english
There are some example of Negative sentence
Anita has not been reading the newspaper.
Komal is not living in patana these days.
Note -:कुछ वाक्य हैं जो नकारात्मक अर्थ प्रदान करते हैं और हम Not शब्द का उपयोग नहीं करते हैं for example
They never come in time  वे कभी समय पर नहीं आते
I hardly go there.           मैं शायद ही वहाँ जाता हूँ
Barking dogs never bite   भौंकने वाले कुत्ते कभी नहीं काटते
कुछ वाक्य में हम संज्ञा से पहले नहीं(Not) उपयोग करते हैं। for example
i have no money.
He has no patience.
There is no possibility of his arrival

Introgative Sentence -:

When we need to ask someone a question we use an introgative sentence.It ends with a mark of introgation (?). जब हमें किसी से एक प्रश्न पूछने की आवश्यकता होती है जिसे हम एक introgative sentece  का उपयोग करते हैं। यह पूछताछ के निशान के साथ समाप्त होता है
These are two type introgative sentence ये दो प्रकार के होते हैं।
1-: Yes / No question -: These sentence are start with the helping verb.. ये सहायक क्रिया के साथ शुरू होते हैं। Helping verb is, are,am,was,were,has,have,had,can,could,will,would,may,might.. For example
Do you read any newspaper ?
Does he smoke ?
Is that your pen ?
Will he pass the examination ?
2-: Wh-Question -: In the root there are nine basic question .
(A) Who (pronoun) -: To find subjecty or object example.    Who discovered the laws of motion ? Who is the prime minister of india ?
(B)Whom-: To find out object.
(C) Whose -: To find out subject or object . example  Whose horse won the race ?
(D) What -:  For things find subject or object.  example what happend ?
(E) which -: Find out subject or object.   example which horse arrived first ?
(F) where -: Find out the place. example Where is the tajmahal ?
(G)Why -: Find out the reason           example why was he late ?
(H)How-: find out the adverb or adjective.example How do you start the car ? How old are you ?
There are other basic formative question words avaiable in wh-word question.These are the
1-: How many- Its asked the number.example how many language can you speak ?
2-How Much -: Its asked the quantity example how much water should a man drink every day ?
3-How Far -: Its asked for distance  example How far is delhi to jaipur ?
4-: How Long- its used for duration example How long have you been living in patna ?
5-How Often -: It is used for frequency example How often have you been to  America ?
6-: How Many Time-: It is used for ferquency  example How many time you had gone America ?
7-:  At what time-: This is used for exact time
8-: At what place -: It is used for exact place
9-: what kind of or what type of -: It is used for exact place example what kind of movie do you mostly watch ?

Impertative Sentence

When we need to express some command,request and advice we use imperative sentence
जब हमें कुछ आदेशों को व्यक्त करने की आवश्यकता होती है, तो अनुरोध और सलाह हम अनिवार्य वाक्य(Impertative Sentece) का उपयोग करते हैं For example
Come on / In time
Help the poor
close the window
In the imperative sentece You is hidden. (अनिवार्य वाक्य में You  छिपे हुए हैं।)  see the example
Come in time  = You come in time
Close the window = You close the window

Optative Sentence-:

When we need to expreess a wish/prayer/ curse to some one we use optative sentence
जब हमें किसी एक की इच्छा / प्रार्थना / शाप को उजागर करने की आवश्यकता होती है तो हम वैकल्पिक वाक्य (Optative sentence )का उपयोग करते हैं for example
Wish you happy new year!
May you be successful !
Note -:वैकल्पिक वाक्य (Optative sentence ) के अंतिम भाग में हम Note of Exclamation (!) उपयोग करते हैं!

Exclamatory Sentence-:

When we need to express some strong and sudden feeling of surprise,Sorrow,Joy,anger,regret,contempt hatted,etc.Then we use exclamatory sentence.
जब हमें आश्चर्य, दु: ख, क्रोध, अफसोस, अवमानना ​​घृणा, आदि की कुछ मजबूत और अचानक भावना व्यक्त करने की आवश्यकता होती है। तब हम विस्मयादिबोधक वाक्य का उपयोग करते हैं। ये वाक्य सामान्य क्या(what) या कैसे(how)से शुरू होते हैं कि For example
What a boy !
How beautiful !
How careful you are !
hurrah ! we have won the match.
NOte-: The note of exclamation is use after the exclamtory word. Or we use in the last part of sentence.
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